Advertising for « Tahan, rue de la Paix, at the corner of the Boulevard », after 1855.
Lock engraved « Executed in 1856 by Tahan / patented cabinetmaker of the emperor »
Tahan, sewing nécessaire, c. 1850. The Metropolitan Museum of Arts, New York.
Tahan, Jewel case decorated with porcelain marquetry by Rivart, 1850-1867. Marc Maison Gallery.
Engravings of the objects in Tahan’s stand at the 1855 World’s Fair, Le Palais de Cristal
Tahan, « bonheur du jour » desk, purchased by Napoleon III for a gift to the princess Marie-Clotilde, 1859. National Museum of the Chateau of Compiègne.
Tahan, Casket, c. 1863. Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
Tahan, Sewing table, decorated with porcelain marquetry by Rivart, 1850-1867. Marc Maison Gallery.
Tahan, Louis XV « violin » style desk, decorated with porcelain marquetry by Rivart, 1856. Marc Maison Gallery.


A unique company for its kind of manufacture and which knew to impose itself, due to the good taste of its compositions. At Tahan’s, one never looks at the price: the important thing is that the name Tahan appears on the object”(Pierre Giffard, Les Fourchambault, 1878).

Prince of small cabinetmaking”, Tahan marked his time by the care taken to each of his pieces, both objects of art and utility. Generally of small or medium dimensions, these pieces of furniture have invaded the bourgeois interiors, so that according to the Book of Elegant Economy (1859), “they alone make the whole physiognomy of the time”.

It is in Belgium in Spa, a small town of the Ardennes, that Pierre Lambert Tahan, table maker, begins this business with formidable destiny. He left Spa for Paris in 1804, and set up his “boxes and necessaries” factory in the Temple district.


His son Jean Pierre Alexandre (1813-1892) was hence born in Paris, and helped him as soon as 1837, then took over the total direction of the company in 1844, his father ceasing all activity then. Jean Pierre Alexandre will then use his ingenuity to begin his great pioneering work.
First of all, he separated the studio on rue de Quincampoix, from the shop in the rue basse du rampart. He develops the production of boxes but also realizes larger furniture items, “bonheur-du-jour”, desks, sewing tables. As early as 1845, he also began to advertise in the newspapers, a practice still very little used.

Supplier of the King and Princes”, he won a silver medal at the Exhibition of Industrial Products in 1849, and was then called "the Prince of Small Cabinetmaking." In 1855, he was awarded the title of "Supplier of the Emperor" at the Universal Exhibition where he exhibited an extraordinary sculpted aviary. The Court commissioned indeed a large number of works, including rosewood planters, lounge tables for the Palais des Tuileries, and a cabinet in mahogany and gilt bronze for Napoleon III’s office. His shop migrated 34 rue de la Paix (1849-1866), then 11 Boulevard des Italiens (1866-1878).


In 1861, Tahan is thus designated as "one of those manufacturers who outstrip fashion and set the tone instead of following." (La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité). Indeed, he collaborates quickly with Julien-Nicolas Rivart to inlay porcelain flowers into his pieces of furniture, which will be one of his preferred vocabulary. It is then a new technique, that places him at the forefront of modernity.


A gold medal at the World’s Fair of 1867 , Tahan employed more than two hundred employees in several workshops at the end of the Second Empire. Tahan is, like Rivart, an enthusiastic spirit about the inventions of the second half of the nineteenth century, and himself deposits a patent for the cylinder rack, and another for document holders with translucent facade in 1858.

The Tahan Manufactory declines after the fall of the Empire which had supported it so much. Thus, in 1882, the factory ceased production and the store closed its doors.


Bibliography

«Tahan, Jean Pierre Alexandre (1813-1892)», correspondance familiale [On line], Compléments historiographiques, Biographies, T,mis à jour le : 04/07/2011

Ministère du commerce, Catalogue des brevets d'invention, 1er janvier 1858.

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