Style Napoleon III / Ref.9050
Winter garden by Loebnitz and Sédille
Good condition, contact us for potential restoration. The painted plaster cornice could not be salvaged. We have a few elements that can serve as model for restauration. (pictures 18 and 19)
This sunroom comes from a private mansion in Lille in the North of France formerly owned by the Maquet family.
The signature on the tiles « Maison Pichenot, J. Loebnitz successeur, Rue des Trois-Bornes N°7 et Rue Pierre Levée N°4 Paris », indicates they were produced between 1857 and 1878 when the company was called « Maison Pichenot-Loebnitz ».
This room presents a majestic central fireplace in scagliola with ceramic panels and tin cloisonné enamels. Richly carved and decorated scagliola alcoves rise on either side of the mantel. Loebnitz focused on the lower portions of the walls with a Moorish decoration of ceramic panels that add polychrome and underline the architectural structure of the room, alternating large panels, decorative friezes, frames, spandrels, and most remarkably the overmantel adorned with a superb floral composition inspired by motifs of the South of Spain. If you study closely the design of the lower part of the wall it clearly evokes the Alhambra palace in Grenada, especially the niche of the Barca door. The décor presents a strong determined design enlightened by flat colors.
In this sunroom, Loebnitz faithfully followed the architectural principles of his friend Sédille. The use of a maximum of two shades of color that can be seen from afar; yellow, blue, red and their complementary green and violet, when paired give the basis for thr ornamental motif with a touch of white and black for contrast and edges.
This sunroom was conceived with great refinement and matched with a mosaic floor, which neither distracts nor eclipses the architectural décor. A rotunda made with wood paneling and a mushrabyia ceiling presents an archway entrance reminiscent of the superb horse shoe or polyfoil arches of the Maqsura in Córdoba sketched by Paul Sédille in 1871. An elegant wrought iron architecture made of delicate arches, echoing those of the rotunda with etched glass panes, leads to the garden.
“Ceramics is the best painting for monuments…” (report of the World’s fair of 467, Paris.) The major role of polychrome decoration is to highlight architecture, but this must be done with a great sense of harmony. The most successful projects were born from a close collaboration of Paul Sédille and Jules Loebnitz, as is the case in this sunroom.
The four walls of the sunroom are as follows :
Wall 1 : entrance to the sunroom, four wrought iron French windows with gilded bronze ornaments flanked by wood panels.
Wall 2 : garden façade, a succession of wrought iron arches and a door, the sanded glass is etched with the same décor as the alcoves on wall 4.
Wall 3 : rotunda wall, a wrought iron half-rotunda with sanded glass like the garden façade windows, flanked with straight windows covered with Mashrabiya wood panels.
Wall 4 : ceramic tile wall, a mantel flanked by a pair of alcoves and a wall covered with ceramic tiles by Loebnitz. The mantel and alcoves are marble stucco.
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